"He rocks and rocks, he traps and wriggles ...". Heinrich Hoffmann, himself a neurologist, has described Zappel-Philipp as well as hardly anyone else. The medical term attention disorders with and without hyperactivity he probably did not know then. Only a few people know that this complex disorder is not always "overgrown", but also affects many adults. Adult ADHD, however, is less common.
ADHD: different variations
They are people who are constantly under high tension, they are the impatient people queuing up, the ones who are often late, who interrupt everyone and start new projects and do not finish everything. But they are also exactly the same, finding ingenious solutions with their inexhaustible energy and creativity, they are often popular, sensitive and helpful, have a great talent for "multitasking" and improvisation.Albert Einstein and Bill Gates are two prominent examples.
Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) varies widely, but reduced attention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity are its core symptoms. It is believed that malfunctioning information processing in certain brain regions is the cause that primarily affects dopamine metabolism. Dopamine, like noradrenaline, is a messenger (transmitter). The exchange of information between the nerve cells (neurons) is controlled by transmitters such as dopamine and norepinephrine.
According to Professor Michael Schulte-Markwort of the University Hospital Eppendorf in the Ärztezeitung, the activity of neurons in ADHD patients is greatly reduced, which suggests a transmitter deficit. If there is a lack of dopamine, nervous system activities that regulate feelings and behavior can be less well controlled.
ADHD in adulthood
As reported by the University of Lübeck, five percent of all children are affected by hyperactivity. Scientists estimate that there is a child with ADHD in every school class. Only a few years ago, ADHD was only considered a childhood and adolescent disease. Only recently has it become known that ADHD symptoms can persist into adulthood.
Currently, ADHD is being studied intensively in adulthood: two to five percent of adults are also affected. Today, it is known that in about half of the affected children, the disorder does not stop at the age of 18, but that the symptoms change and continue into adulthood.
It is also now known that ADHD can be inherited: If a family member has been diagnosed with ADHD, the risk of having children with ADHD is five times higher. In childhood, boys are three times more likely to be affected than girls by the "Zappel-Philipp syndrome", for adults, there are no more precise statements regarding the gender distribution of ADHD.