Fat parents, fat children - doctors sound the alarm. The number of people with a strong overweight continues to rise. Tips on diet and weight loss seem to have little effect. What can be done? Obesity (obesity, obesity, obesity) is a mass phenomenon, especially in the industrialized countries: The number of people who overweight too many kilograms on the scales, at an alarming rate, especially in childhood. Obesity restricts the quality of life and shortens life expectancy. Obesity is a risk factor for many diseases, such as high blood pressure (hypertension).
From obesity to obesity
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the number of overweight people has tripled in the last 20 years. Although slight overweight has little negative impact on health. But it is already a sign that more energy is consumed than consumed with food. Often, excess fat is then accumulated and obesity becomes obesity.
Obesity: diet as the main reason
About one in five women now suffer from such a morbid overweight. According to a study by the Robert Koch Institute (KiGGS study), about 15% of children and adolescents are overweight and 6% are obese. This means that 800, 000 children and adolescents suffer from obesity. Particularly critical: obesity does not grow, but increases with age.
The main reason is above all our diet: too much, too fat, too high calorie. In addition, too little exercise to use the excess calories. This does not burn the energy but stores it for bad times. Only that these never come, and with it the fat stores grow. Obesity is often cumbersome and brings quickly out of breath - which in turn does not promote the joy of movement. Obesity and obesity are a vicious circle in which more and more people are trapped.
Degree of obesity
Whether the weight is still in the normal range, overweight or has already developed an obesity, can be determined with the body mass index (BMI). The BMI sets the weight in relation to body size (BMI = kg / m²), with slight variations depending on the age. At normal weight the BMI is in the range of 18.5 to 24.9, in overweight to 29.9; Everything about it is an obesity.
Often, this is further subdivided into three grades - obesity grade I consists of a BMI of 30, obesity grade II from a BMI of 35 and obesity grade III (obesity permagna) from a BMI of 40. For example, a 170 cm tall A grade I obesity from a weight starting at 87 kg, while an obesity permagna from a weight of 116 kg.