The fennel has been known for centuries as a spice and medicinal plant. The ingredients of the fennel have an antispasmodic, antiseptic and expectorant effect. In addition, the tuber can be prepared as a fennel vegetable in salads or soups and produces a pleasant anise-like aroma. The fennel tea has a mild digestive effect, especially in infants and toddlers.
Effect of fennel has tradition
Already in the herbal book of the German abbess and healer Hildegard von Bingen (1098-1179), the fennel effects still valued today are described: "Whatever it is eaten, it makes people happy and gives them pleasant warmth and good sweat and one good digestion. "
Mediterranean origin of the medicinal plant
Originally, the herbaceous plant grew only in sunny and sheltered locations of the Mediterranean, but since the Middle Ages, he is also native to Europe. To cover the increasing demand, fennel is imported today, for example, from Hungary, China and Egypt.
The fennel plant is one to two meters high and has a blue-green, leafless and grooved stems, which ramifies strongly above. At the end of these ramifications, the fruits ripen, commonly referred to as "fennel seeds". The dried, ripe fruits are used as natural remedies.
The power is in the oil of the fennel
Responsible for taste, smell and healing properties are mainly the two essential oils contained in the fennel seeds Anethol and Fenchon. Anethole, for example, is also found in anise and causes the aniseed fragrance and taste of fennel. The fenchon, on the other hand, tastes bitter and steamy.
Fennel: Good for indigestion
Light digestive problems can be dealt with effectively with fennel. The reason: The ingredient Anethol increases the movement of the muscles in the stomach and intestine and also has an antispasmodic effect.
Both together help with bloating, bloating and spasmodic abdominal discomfort. Anethol also stimulates the appetite and promotes digestion.
Breastfeeding benefits two
Drink lactating mothers fennel tea, they kill two birds with one stone: on the one hand, they stimulate milk production. On the other hand, components of the fennel tea, which are absorbed by the breast milk, have a calming effect on the digestion of the baby. Fennel tea has proven particularly useful in infants and toddlers. It can be added directly to the vial or mixed with porridge and other food.
The highly concentrated fennel oil (pure fennel oil) on the other hand should not be used in babies and small children: The high content of essential oils can lead to respiratory distress and excitement. Fennel tea or fennel honey, however, are harmless, since the oils are low concentrated.
Fennel for colds
Even in the bronchi Fennelöl unfolds its effect when it is taken with the food. For colds with a dry cough, it helps to dilute the viscous mucus. In addition, it increases the movement of the cilia in the airways. So the mucus can be better coughed off.
The essential oil Fenchon is said to have an anti-inflammatory effect, so that fennel can also help to prevent germs in their growth.
Fennel in the kitchen
While fennel has been used to refine food, especially in Asia, it is increasingly used in European cuisines today. Raw fennel tubers and leaves in lettuce or stewed vegetables can be found as well as fennel seeds for seasoning bread or meat and sausage products.
With its sweet aniseed flavor, fennel has few calories and is rich in vitamin C, potassium, calcium and magnesium. Who wants to have fennel in his spice rack, fennel seeds z. B. get out of the pharmacy.
A tip: If you squeeze the fennel seeds lightly with a mortar or a fork just before the preparation, the essential oils can develop their effect much better. Unused fennel seeds should always be kept away from light, cool and dry.
Dosage forms of fennel
Who wants to make fennel tea from dried seeds, pour one to two teaspoons of fruit with a cup of boiling water and let the tea for ten minutes. In addition to teas, fennel is also available in cough syrups, candies and drops. For singers, honey that is mixed with fennel is a secret against hoarseness.
Frequently, other medicinal plants such as anise or cumin are found in ready-to-use preparations that enhance the effect of fennel. In your pharmacy, you will be advised on which application form makes sense in a special case.
Allergy to fennel rather rare
Few people are allergic to the ingredients of fennel and develop rashes, for example. If an allergy to celery is known, the likelihood of allergic reactions to fennel also increases.