The articular cartilage consists of four basic substances: collagen, cartilage, chondrocytes (cartilage cells) and water. The cartilage builders include collagen hydrolyzate, glucosamine and chondroitin. All of them are also a natural part of cartilage tissue. Collagen is the structural scaffold in articular cartilage. Glucosamine and chondroitin are proteoglycans (sugar-protein building blocks) that form the cartilage and are characterized by their high water-binding capacity.
Resilience and mobility of the joints
All three substances contribute to the resilience and mobility of the joints: Glucosamine, chondroitin and collagen hydrolyzate are used to repair and rebuild damaged cartilage in the joints and spine.
- Collagen hydrolyzate: Collagen hydrolyzate is a pure protein that provides important amino acids for cartilage building. To renew and strengthen the collagen structures, 10 grams of collagen hydrolyzate are recommended daily. Studies confirm the analgesic effect of this dosage already after a few weeks.
- Glucosamine: The bioactive form of glucosamine is the glucosamine sulfate, which improves the viscosity of the synovial fluid and thus the "synovial fluid". In addition, it stimulates anabolic processes in the articular cartilage and can counteract joint narrowing. Glucosamine sulfate has analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties.
- Chondroitin: Chondroitin is also bioavailable only in sulfated form as chondroitin sulfate. Chondroitin sulfate is characterized by its high water binding capacity. In this way, the elasticity and the elementary function of the articular cartilage is maintained. In addition, the water binding capacity of the diet of chondrocytes in non-perfused cartilage tissue serves. With decreasing elasticity, the cartilage can no longer ensure its shock absorber function.
Influencing joint inflammation
Frequently, age-related and stress-related signs of wear are accompanied by inflammatory reactions. Long-chain omega-3 fatty acids, such as eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids, have the ability to regulate the inflammatory process. The anti-inflammatory effect has a soothing effect on the inflammatory rheumatic complaints.
Meaning of antioxidants
During an inflammatory reaction, among other things substances are formed, which are referred to as free radicals. These increase the inflammation by damaging the cell membranes. Vitamin E acts as a protection against radicals in cell membranes. Vitamin C supports the action of vitamin E and is involved in the collagen metabolism of the supporting tissue.
Due to their different functions in the cartilage, these joint nutrients in their entirety improve both the cartilaginous structure and pain perception, resilience and mobility of the joints. These joint nutrients improve the cartilage structure, relieve pain and strengthen the resilience and mobility of the joints.